Second Document of Breathing

The Second Document of Breathing, generally placed beneath the deceased’s feet, contains the deceased’s addresses to different deities, the wish of preservation of his/her name, a formula that originated from the Pyramid Text Spell 601, as well as other wishes for the afterlife. Similar to the First Document of Breathing, the papyri can also be dated roughly to the mid-late Ptolemaic to Roman Period.

Copies of the Second Document of Breathing have already been published, but many unpublished or only partially published versions remain. All of them deserve to be re-examined and will allow a detailed analysis of the evolution of this composition.

In charge

Cyprian H.W. Fong


Papyrus / Document of Breathing / Textuality / Iconography / Owners


Comming soon